1. Hattie McDaniel
In 1940, Hattie McDaniel became the first Black Oscar-winner in history. Her performance as Mammy in Gone With the Wind earned her gold in the Best Supporting Actress category.

"This is one of the happiest moments of my life," McDaniel said when she accepted the award, "and I want to thank each one of you who had a part in selecting me for one of the awards for your kindness. It has made me feel very, very humble and I shall always hold it as a beacon for anything I may be able to do in the future. I sincerely hope I shall always be a credit to my race and to the motion picture industry. My heart is too full to tell you just how I feel. And may I say thank you and God bless you."

In the film, McDaniel played Mammy, a house slave. The role is considered one of the most controversial in history as Mammy was a belittling, stereotypical character that was based on the way whites viewed Black people in the early 1900s. To add insult to injury, McDaniel was forced to miss the film's debut at the "whites only" Loew's Grand Theatre in Atlanta, GA. But at the Oscars just a year later, it was her talent — not her race — that was highlighted.